Sunscreen 101 – All you need to know about sunscreens

The first thing that hits me with the arrival of summer season is harsh sun rays. With sunshine at its peak in summers, one of the most crucial beauty products to be stocked in your beauty stash should be – Sunscreens.

However, sunscreen is not restricted to any weather; which is why shielding your skin from the ruthless hot rays is critical throughout the year.

Today, I’ll be covering the following topics about Sunscreen

1. Why is it an ultimate requirement?
2. How to choose the best sunscreen for your skin type?
3. What are the benefits of using sunscreen?
4. Application Routine


Why is it an ultimate requirement

To those of you wondering what a sunscreen ‘actually’ does – It prevents and protects your skin from the scorching heat and damaging sun rays. They have several ingredients in them that help prevent the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) radiation from reaching the skin. There are two types of ultraviolet radiation, UVA and UVB. Lets know about them briefly.

UVA rays are known to play a major role in skin ageing and wrinkling. They also lead to darkening of skin and penetrate deeply into the dermis – the skin’s thickest layer. UVA rays are present during all daylight hours throughout the year, and can penetrate through clouds and window glass.

Pro Tip : There’s only one way to tell whether your sunscreen offers UVA coverage: the words “broad spectrum.” Without the words “broad spectrum” your sunscreen likely doesn’t offer coverage from UVA.

UVB rays usually burn the superficial layers of the skin and are the primary cause of skin reddening and sunburn. It plays a key role in the development of skin cancer and a contributory role in tanning and photoaging.

Since both UVA and UVB are harmful, you need protection from both kinds of rays. To make sure you’re getting effective UVA as well as UVB coverage, look for a sunscreen with an SPF of 15 or higher.


How to choose the best for your skin

For oily skin
For my oily skinned beauties, choose a sunscreen formula which is matte or gel based. If your current sunscreen is breaking you out, making your skin even more oily/greasy, chances are it might not be the ‘right’ one for your skin type. Opt for a lightweight formula which is oil-free and won’t clog your pores – protect your skin from the sun without feeling greasy or aggravating acne.

For dry skin
Choose a cream based sunscreen with hydrating and nourishing properties. Save up on your time and try something that works both as an SPF and moisturiser.

For sensitive skin
Look out for a gentle formula minus parabens, fragrances, and harsh chemicals. Use one with mineral formulations with zinc oxide or titanium.

For combination skin
Though the skin is dry and oily both in different areas, it is suggestive to go for gel-based if you are the combination of oily and cream based if you are combination to dry skin type. 

Did You Know – Sunscreens are available in all forms – gel, water and matte based and sprays as well. Many beauty products like foundations, compact powders and lip balms also contain SPF.


Why should you wear Sunscreen?


  • Since the UVA/UVB rays cause serious damage to our skin, a sunscreen protects it from skin cancer and allergies.
  • It protects you from many things like pigmentation, discoloration, early signs of aging like fine lines, age spots etc.
  • It also helps to prevents facial brown spots a.k.a freckles.
  • The ozone layer is depleting and your body needs shielding from harmful rays.
  • If you hate your skin getting tanned


Application Routine

Apply a sunscreen 15-20 minutes before stepping out in the sun. This allows the sunscreen to soak into your body, thereby protecting you from the UV rays of the sun. Further, it is always best to reapply the sunscreen on the exposed body parts every two hours.

NOTE : An SPF of 15-30 is considered the best and healthy for your skin.

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